Neighbourhood planning in Purbeck
Neighbourhood planning is about giving local people the opportunity to decide where new development such as housing, shops and community facilities will be built and what they will look like. The plans can be detailed or general, depending what local people want.
The Localism Act 2011 (opens in a new window) introduced the following new types of community led planning:
- Neighbourhood Development Plans - set out policies on the development and use of land
- Neighbourhood Development Orders - grant planning permission for a specific location or type of development
- Community Right to Build Orders - provide for community led site development
Purbeck neighbourhood plan progress
Four town and parish councils are currently preparing a neighbourhood plan in Purbeck; Arne Parish Council, Bere Regis Parish Council, Lytchett Matravers Parish Council and Wareham Town Council. You can read about progress with these plans in the Neighbourhood Plan Progress Report (pdf, 371kb) (opens in a new window).
If you would like more information about any of these neighbourhood plans, please contact the Purbeck Planning Policy Team.
About neighbourhood plans
A neighbourhood plan is a planning policy document that is prepared by local communities. It must conform with the local plan and national policy and is subject to independent examination. If found sound at the examination the local community must then agree to it through a referendum. It the majority of those that vote say yes, the plan will be adopted by the local planning authority. Once adopted, a neighbourhood plan becomes part of the Local Plan and will be considered when determining planning applications for that neighbourhood area. The National Planning Practice Guidance - Neighbourhood Planning (opens in a new window) provides an overview of the process.
Funding your neighbourhood plan
Locality - Neighbourhood plan grant and direct support
Locality offers two different types of support to help prepare a neighbourhood plan or a neighbourhood development order:
- Technical Support
- Neighbourhood Planning Grant
All groups writing a neighbourhood plan or neighbourhood development order will be eligible to apply for up to £9,000 in grant from Locality - Neighbourhood Planning fund (opens in a new window) to help fund their plan. Locality can also provide direct practical support (opens in a new window) for groups facing a range of complex issues. If you would like us to help you submit an application to Locality please contact Purbeck Planning Policy Team.
Getting started on your neighbourhood plan
1. First step
In Purbeck only parish and town councils are regarded as 'qualifying bodies', eligible to lead on neighbourhood plans. After consulting with the community, the parish or town council must apply to Purbeck District Council to designate the neighbourhood plan area. This could be the whole or part of the parish, or in some circumstances may involve more than one parish or even neighbouring local authorities. Where this is the case all of the parishes and local authorities involved must first agree to work together. The district council must consult on the designation request before making a decision.
You can choose to draw up either a neighbourhood plan, or a development order, or both. Which ever you choose they both must follow the same basic ground rules:
- generally be in line with local and national planning policies
- be in line with other laws
- if the local planning authority says that an area needs to grow, then communities cannot use neighbourhood planning to block the building of new homes and businesses; they can, however, use neighbourhood planning to influence the type, design, location and mix of new development
- neighbourhood plans must contribute to achieving sustainable development
2. Developing the plan
The parish or town council develops the plan independently but the district council will provide support and guidance in areas such as evidence gathering, data analysis and policy writing. We will also allocate you a link officer who will be you key contact throughout.
In the first instance you should arrange to meet with the planning policy team so we can help you to develop your project plan and timetable. At this meeting we will let you know which elements of the plan we can help you with. By working together we can ensure that your plan conforms to local and national policy and will be found sound at examination.
3. Working with your community
You will need to engage widely with your local community to identify the key issues and options for developing your policies. It makes sense to keep the community informed and on board to ensure they are happy with your proposals and ultimately will agree with your plan at the referendum.
5. Independent public examination
When the plan is complete it should be submitted to Purbeck District Council. We will organise and pay for the independent examination. We will publicise the plan and invite comments. The examiner, who is appointed with the agreement of the town/parish council, will consider whether the plan:
- meets the specified basic conditions
- has been properly prepared with regard to Neighbourhood Planning Regulations (opens in a new window)
- has regard to national policies, and is in general conformity with the Purbeck Local Plan
- has regard to preserving or enhancing any conservation areas, listed buildings and other features of special architectural or historic interest (in those cases where planning permission is effectively being granted)
- will contribute to the achievement of sustainable development
- does not breach, and is otherwise compatible with, EU obligations, such as the Conservation Regulations and Human Rights
A hearing will only take place if the examiner thinks it is necessary to ensure adequate examination of the issues, or to ensure that people have had a fair chance to put forward their case.
The examiner will then issue a report saying whether the plan should be submitted to a referendum, and whether any modifications need to be made to it beforehand. The examiner will also define the geographical area that the referendum should cover.
6. The referendum
The referendum, which is organised and paid for by the Purbeck District Council, is similar to any other election, with polling stations, ballot papers, postal votes, poll cards, counting of votes. If the majority of those that vote say yes, the plan is adopted by Purbeck District Council.
Once adopted your neighbourhood plan becomes part of the Purbeck Local Plan. It sets policy and will be considered when determining planning applications for that neighbourhood area.
Detailed key stages for producing your neighbourhood plan
The National Planning Practice Guide - Key stages in Neighbourhood Planning (opens in a new window) provides more detail on the process.
Neighbourhood Development Orders
Neighbourhood Development Orders (NDOs) grant planning permission for development in a specific area or of a particular type, such as homes or offices. They remove the need for developers to apply separately for planning permission to the council for those types of development set out in the order.
NDOs can stand alone or can be part of a neighbourhood plan. The process for producing a NDO is the same as for a neighbourhood plan.
Community Right to Build Orders
Community Right To Build Orders (CRtBs) also give communities the power to deliver developments without the need to apply for planning permission. Generally any development brought forward by a CRtB will be small scale in nature. Development that needs an Environmental Impact Assessment or would be located in or near to a European site of nature conservation cannot be covered by a CRtB. To discuss a potential CRtB please contact the Purbeck Planning Policy Team.
Other advice and guidance on neighbourhood planning
Neighbourhood Plan Area Designations
The neighbourhood plan area must to be agreed by Purbeck District Council before the plan is started. The area should be identified early in the process to avoid the risk of planning for an area that may not be approved.
Purbeck neighbourhood plans progress
Four town and parish councils are currently producing a neighbourhood plan: Arne Parish Council, Bere Regis Parish Council, Lytchett Matravers Parish Council and Wareham Town Council.
Lytchett Matravers Neighbourhood Plan submission consultation
On behalf of Lytchett Matravers Neighbourhood Plan Group, Purbeck District Council has published the submission version of the Lytchett Matravers Neighbourhood Plan for public consultation.